The Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the prize on Friday saying that peaceful global development can only come about if children and the young are respected.
Malala is the youngest person to be awarded the globally prestigious annual prize.
“The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2014 is to be awarded to Kailash Satyarthi and Malala Yousafzai for their struggle against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education,” the jury said.
Malala – who survived being shot in the head by the Taliban in 2012 – was recognised for fighting for years for the right of girls to education, showing by example that children can contribute to improving their own situations.
“This she has done under the most dangerous circumstances,” the committee said.
“Through her heroic struggle she has become a leading spokesperson for girls’ rights to education.”
It also said that the prize recognised the work by Satyarthi to head various forms of protests and demonstrations, all peaceful, focusing on the grave exploitation of children for financial gain.
“Children must go to school and not be financially exploited,” the committee said.
“In conflict-ridden areas in particular, the violation of children leads to the continuation of violence from generation to generation.”
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